Latest Trends Robotic Surgery

It seems like robotic surgery is here to stay. In a study published in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynaecology, it was concluded that patients who underwent robotic assisted hysterectomy were less likely to need to be readmitted to hospital than those who underwent open surgical procedures. These patients also had less blood loss during surgery and were able to be discharged from hospital sooner than those who had open surgery (Martino et al., 2013). In South Africa we are more familiar with the use of robotic surgery in urological procedures. Read more

What is Ultrasonic Cleaning

An ultrasonic cleaner is made up of the following components:

  • Ultrasonic generator
  • Transducers
  • Cleaning tank


What is ultrasonic cleaning:

Ultrasonic cleaning works through cavitation. The transducers in the base of the tank generate a sonic wave. The sonic waves make tiny bubbles on the surfaces of the instruments. These bubbles expand until they become unstable and then collapse or implode. The resulting implosion produces localized vacuum areas responsible for dislodging soil from surfaces. The soils are literally sucked off the instruments.


Benefits of using Ultrasonic Cleaners

Ultrasonic cleaners are designed for fine cleaning of medical devices to remove soil from hard to reach areas like crevices, joints, grooves, hinges, box locks, lumens, etc. Gross soil should be removed from instruments before processing in the ultrasonic cleaner because heavy soil can inhibit the cleaning activity.

  • Reliable effective cleaning capacity
  • Remove debris from less accessible surfaces
  • Can be used to clean, unblock lumened instruments (some cleaners have lumen flushing attachments)
  • Minimises staffs exposure to aerosols  


Examples of Types of instruments that benefit from Ultrasonic cleaning

Virtually All Touchscreens Are Contaminated With Pathogens

Virtually all smartphones and tablet computers used by healthcare workers are contaminated with at least 1 organism, research from a German hospital shows.

“We might be transferring these pathogens to patients, increasing their risk for infection,” said investigator Romy Wendler, a medical student at Klinikum St. Georg in Leipzig, Germany.

“Nurses and physicians use their private phones while working in high-risk areas, such as in operating rooms and ICUs,” she told Medscape Medical News. “Our behaviour might be putting patients at risk because we are not thinking about good hygiene in these critical settings.”

The study results were presented here at the 16th International Congress on Infectious Diseases.

Bacterial Contamination

The objectives of the study were to assess the surfaces of smartphones and tablets for bacterial contamination, and to determine whether a 14-day intensified cleaning period would affect the subsequent burden of microbial contamination.

The entire touchscreen of each device tested was swabbed before and after the cleaning protocol was implemented. Cultures were analysed using a semi-quantitative colony-forming unit count, and bacteria were identified using classic microbiologic methods.

When the samples were evaluated at baseline, 100 of the 101 smartphones and 19 of the 20 tablets tested were positive for at least 1 pathogen. Approximately 55% of the touchscreens were contaminated with more than 1 species.

Many of the pathogens were bacteria that can cause serious infections in critically ill patients, including Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus, and Enterobacteriaceae. The investigators defined such pathogens as relevant.

At least 1 relevant pathogen was present on 15.8% of all smartphone screens and on 25.0% of all tablet screens. One tablet was contaminated was methicillin-resistant S aureus.

16th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID): Abstract 61.014. Presented April 5, 2014.